Construyendo el futuro de la salud animal
Costa Rica

Kidney

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PATHOLOGY KEY POINTS

  • Common feline disease: prevalence around 4%1
  • More common in older cats: May affect ≥30-40% of cats over 10 years2,3,4
  • Most common cause of mortality in cats ⩾5 years of age5
  • Underlying aetiology often remains obscure6
  • Hyperparathyroidism and hyperphosphatemia frequently associated7

DIAGNOSIS, ASSESMENT AND PROGNOSIS

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  1. O’Neill DG et al. Prevalence of disorders recorded in cats attending primary-care veterinary practices in England. Vet J 2014; 202: 286–291.
  2. White JD et al. Naturally-occurring chronic renal disease in Australian cats: a prospective study of 184 cases. Aust Vet J 2006; 84: 188–194.
  3. Marino CL et al. Prevalence and classification of chronic kidney disease in cats randomly selected from four age groups and in cats recruited for degenerative joint disease studies. J Fel Med Surg 2014; 16: 465–472
  4. Lulich JP et al. Feline renal failure: questions, answers, questions. Compen Contin Educ Pract Vet 1992; 14: 127–152
  5. O’Neill DG et al. Longevity and mortality of cats attending primary care veterinary practices in England. J Fel Med Surg 2015; 17: 125–133
  6. Sparkes AH et al. ISFM Consensus Guidelines on the Diagnosis and Management of Feline Chronic Kidney Disease. J Fel Med Surg 2016; 18(3): 219-39.
  7. Kidder AC, Chew D. Treatment options for hyperphosphatemia in feline CKD: what's out there? J Fel Med Surg 2009; 11(11): 913-24.
  8. Roudebush P et al. Therapies for feline chronic kidney disease. What is the evidence? J Fel Med Surg 2009; 11(3): 195-210